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Makale

CLEAN PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES

Zeynep KAREL Chemical Engineer BSc, Environment Engineer MSc., EOQ Quality Auditor, National Quality Award Assessor (2006 – Public process)

Issue 7

Together with the gradually increasing number of defense industry firms, other industry and service firms engage in an integrated behavior with their suppliers and customers in determining

the environmental training, measurements and management strategies, creating new opportunities

on the fields of minimizing the wastes, energy efficiency and reuse and recycling of materials. Making use of the scientific progresses on the fields of computer, material, biotechnology,

nanotechnology, genetics and management and modeling, this transformation will have an impact on all sectors of the economy including manufacturing, Food energy generation, construction ector in the coming years. hile the progress of technology facilitates ur life, it leads to emergence of serious problems. The increasing needs for resources parallel with the

increase of population and the pollution which arises with such increase lead to great hazards which could lead eventually to death not only for human beings, but for all living things.

The increasing need for energy and the consumption of the diversified basic needs materials, which is a requirement of the age which we live in, further increases the dimensions of the pollution. Despite the fact that developed countries have commenced studies

for long years and prepared some standards for preventing such pollution, newly developing countries experience a period of transition due to some sanctions brought by new developments

and the fact that they newly acquired the consciousness of environment. In this issue of our defense and quality column, we analyze the issue clean technology for increasing our living

quality together with the development of technology: This approach, which we could define

as redesigning and arranging of process and products so as to prevent creation of waste, is named as clean production.



What is the concept of Clean Production?



In defining the concept of clean production,

the definition of UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), which many countries

use in their clean production works, is taken as basis: Clean production: It is continuous and integrated implementation of processes and products which could increase efficiency, prevent the pollution of air, water and oils, destroy Together with the gradually increasing

number of defense industry firms, other industry and service firms engage in an integrated behavior with their suppliers and customers in determining the environmental training, measurements and management strategies, creating new opportunities on the fields of minimizing the wastes, energy efficiency and reuse and recycling of materials. Making use of the scientific progresses on the fields of computer, material, biotechnology, nanotechnology, genetics and management and modeling, this transformation will have an impact on all sectors

of the economy including manufacturing, food, energy generation, construction sector in the coming years. While the progress of technology facilitates our life, it leads to emergence of

serious problems. The increasing needs for resources parallel with the increase of population and the pollution which arises with such increase lead to great hazards which could lead eventually to death not only for human

beings, but for all living things. The increasing need for energy and the consumption of the diversified basic needs materials, which is a requirement of the age which we live in, further increases the dimensions of the pollution. Despite the fact that developed countries have commenced studies for long years and prepared some standards for preventing such pollution, newly developing countries experience

a period of transition due to some sanctions brought by new developments and the fact that they newly acquired the consciousness of environment. In this issue of our defense and quality column, we analyze the issue clean technology for increasing our living quality together with the development of technology:

This approach, which we could define as redesigning and arranging of process and products so as to prevent creation of waste, is named as clean production.

What is the concept of Clean Production?



In defining the concept of clean production,

the definition of UNEP (United Nations vironment Programme), which many countries use in their clean production works, is taken as basis: Clean production: It is continuous and integrated implementation of processes and products which

could increase efficiency, prevent the pollution of air, water and oils, destroy the wastes at their sources and minimize the risks on human beings and the environment.

Basic elements of clean production

strategy:

• Clean production for production

processes

• Clean production for products,

• Clean production for service,

Things to do to ensure clean production:

• Changing the behaviors,

• “Know-how” practices including a

responsible environmental management,

• Changing the technology, or

improving the existing technology,

namely clean technology

practices, Changing production

technology or product / manufacturing

process, changing production

inputs, changing the final

product, and using the non-product

materials which occur during

production on the site of production

and preferably in the process.

Clean production applications are performed

at each stage of a life-cycle of a

product (raw material supply, production,

utilization, post-utilization disposal)

Assessment and inspection

mechanisms related to these are as follows:

• Environmental impact assessment

(CED)

• Life Cycle assessment (YDD)

• Environmental Technology assessment

(CTD)

• Chemical assessment (KD)

• Environmental inspection (CD)

• Waste inspection (AD)

• Energy inspection (ED)

• Risk inspection (RD)

Recommendations

Clean technology is the most efficient means of a series of legal regulations and sanctions which are being put into force for protecting the environment. While it ensures compliance with

restrictions and regulations of local administration related to discharge to atmosphere, water and soil, it further facilitates the fulfillment of international requirements and obligations in relation to such environmental issuesas material destroying the ozone layer, toxic wastes, climate changes and protection of biological diversity. Investing in clean technology for boththe defense industry and all other industry and service firms will;

• Ensures that products and processes

are improved,

• Provides saving of raw material,

water and energy, decreasing the

production costs,

• Leads to the utilization of new and

developed technologies, thus

increasing competition,

• Decreases the need for restrictions

and prohibitions related to the

environment,

• Decreases the risks due to on and

off-site purification, storage and

destruction of toxic wastes,

• Protects the health of employees

and increases work safety,

• Improves the image of enterprises

in the public,

• Decreases the need for pollution

control technologies, cost of which

gradually increases, and prevents /

decreases the expenditures to be

made for these

Due to its foregoing benefits, the success of clean technology depends on the adoption, support of clean production policies and strategies by all entities and institutions, which are lead by the government, and on working in coordination and collaboration.

For this reason;

• Clean production should be adopted

as a governmental policy,

• Current regulations related to the

environment should be revised in

accordance with the philosophy of

clean technology,

• Pollution Inventory should be prepared,

• Corporate infrastructures should

be established,

• Incentive and reward mechanisms

should be established,

• Financing resources supporting

clean production should be created,

• Activities should be demonstrated

for information and training of

employees and the public.