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The Science of Protection Dynamics of Ballistics Testing and Armor Standards

Date: Issue 130 - May 2024 Update: June 21, 2024

Throughout history, humans have always felt the need to protect themselves, which led to the development of weapons - from stones and clubs to the advanced technologies of today. As armament spread, people sought protection against the threat of weapons, resulting in the use of shields and armor. While fighting with hard objects, humans also used hard objects to protect themselves. Wars have played a significant role in shaping weapon and armor technology. In the 13th century, steel armor emerged as a shield against dangers, enveloping the entire body of a person fighting with swords or protecting themselves. With the invention of gunpowder and firearms, weapon technology evolved rapidly. As weapons became smaller and more effective, the need for high-performance, lightweight armor for vehicle and personnel protection became inevitable.

Metals have always played a crucial role in armor technology due to their favorable mechanical properties, such as toughness, strength, and hardness. However, the density of metals is higher compared to other engineering materials, making them heavier. It is quite challenging for an individual to carry heavy armor and move quickly with that weight. Similarly, high weight reduces the mobility of a vehicle. Therefore, technology has focused on the production of lightweight armor to address these issues.