Türkiye`s New Breakthrough on the Field: Unmanned Ground Vehicles

Date: Issue 120 - February 2023

Thanks to developments in artificial intelligence (AI), sensors, and communication systems, there has been rapid development in Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) in the last ten years, with a range of uses in both civilian and military sectors. These machines offer new capabilities and free up resources and personnel for other tasks, making them particularly interesting to militaries worldwide. Generally, Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) are robots that operate on land without a human operator. UGVs are the land-based counterpart to Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USV). They can be either autonomous, meaning they are capable of navigating and performing tasks without human intervention, or they can be remotely controlled by a human operator at a different location. UGVs come in various shapes and sizes, ranging from small, handheld devices that can be carried by a single person to large, tracked vehicles that are capable of carrying heavy payloads. 

Militaries around the world see a lot of potential in these machines, especially after the drones have proved themselves in combat and other military operations. One of the main advantages of UGVs is that they can be used for a variety of applications that are too difficult or dangerous to have human operators present, such as bomb disposal, reconnaissance, search and rescue, or hazardous material handling. UGVs can also be equipped with a variety of sensors and communication systems, which allow them to navigate and perceive their environment, including cameras and lidar, radar or ultrasonic sensors for obstacle detection and avoidance, GPS, wireless radios, or satellite links, as well as manipulators or other tools for handling objects.