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HAVELSAN Provides Innovative Solutions

Rapidly developing its capabilities and know-how, HAVELSAN, in the course of time, has restructured itself so as to meet the information technology requirements of the Tur

Issue 30

Its second most important area of activities is the development of synthetic, semi-synthetic and real systems used together in training, simulation, testing and evaluation systems in both defense and security areas. Within this framework, the tactical and individual task simulators, crew training simulators and weapon system simulators provide solutions to the Air and Defense Electronic Warfare Test and Training Range (EHTES®) and the under/above water and land platforms.

The third area of activities is the dependable, integral, productivity increasing, information based solutions that are presented according to needs and requirements within the state-real sector-citizen cycle. In addition, HAVELSAN develops turnkey projects that covers such applications as management information systems, e-state, decision support systems, corporate resource planning and business acumen.

Aside from this, increasing product quality through CMMI compatible process standards and thereby increasing customer satisfaction is one of the most important objectives of HAVELSAN. As of 2011, HAVELSAN has received three CMMI level certificates.

Air Defense Electronic Warfare Test and Training Systems

The Electronic Warfare Test and Training Range (EHTES®) is a system established to provide training to combat aircraft pilots in a near-real threat environment, conduct function and effectiveness testing of electronic warfare systems under flight conditions, electronic scrambling and in developing maneuver procedures with “chaff” techniques. The EHTES® system was first developed within the coverage of the needs and requirements of the Turkish Air Force Command. In years the need to include new threat systems and/or exclude existing systems from EHTES® was seen and for this reason” plug-in” software was designed and implemented for the EHTES® system for the Pakistani Air Force.

The EHTES® systems developed for the Turkish Air Force and the Pakistani Air Force are platform dependent. In order to increase the usability of the software, library etc. codes, the EHTES® operating system for the Republic of Korea Air Force was independently realized.

The EHTES® also encompasses the necessary hidden software for the instrumentation and integration of threat systems. The developed hidden software has been undertaken in the manner of working in real-time operating systems whose reliability has been accepted in international platforms.

As the only company in the world that has installed and maintains the Electronic Warfare Test and Training System for three separate countries (Turkey, Pakistan and Republic of Korea), HAVELSAN was deemed worthy of the “2010 European Defence Competitive Strategy Leadership Award” from Frost & Sullivan.

Web-Based Command and Control Systems

Obtaining a joint picture from the sensor data of all platforms within the combat zone; the scalability of data; displaying the required picture in the handheld computer of a military personnel or on the screen of a commander are among the factors required of advanced technology by web-based warfare. To possess this infrastructure and to enable the systems to communicate with each other requires dominance in the infrastructures of multi-sensor fusion, complex and high capacity communication technologies and geographic information systems.

In the Peace Eagle Program, that has made the Air Force Command one of the leading Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) aircraft owning powers in the world, which is also a broad-scale C4ISR project, real-time/near real-time, distributed architecture on backup servers for critical mission operable command and control systems are being developed. Within this coverage, each component in the command and control cycle shown below is being developed as a target product.



The basis of the C4ISR systems is composed of real-time/near real-time software and system components. In line with this objective, an independent platform and operating system that provide distributed architecture such as CORBA, DDS (Data Distribution Service), that is service focused architecture which enables data sharing, is modular and adaptable to standards and applicable to product line approach systems and software within the coverage of these systems, are being developed.

Web-Based Air Command and Control Information Systems (HvBS)

HAVELSAN developed the first large-scale command and control information system project in Turkey known as the Operation and Logistic (Resource) Management Information System and the Air Force Information System (HvBS) that provides an integrated structure which supports the Decision Support System thus enabling this project to be the backbone of the web-based capability of the Air Force Command. The HvBS Project was developed for the main activity areas of operations, intelligence, logistic, personnel, training, strategic planning, financial management, evaluation, auditing and official military publications of the Air Force Command. In order to manage strategic, tactical and operational functions, the HvBS Project, as necessary integrated application software, is a project that is used jointly by different technologies and architectures and is a system that can operate in a centralized as well as in a distributed structure in a web environment, designed as a N layered architecture, web-enabled and based on a service focused architecture system.

Naval Warfare Systems

Commencing with the MELTEM II Project on naval warfare systems, HAVELSAN possesses extensive experience in warfare management system (SYS) and tactical command and control information system (TCCIS). Within the coverage of MELTEM II Project, it has gained technological know-how with the development of the sea patrol aircraft and ground segment, the sea surveillance aircraft and ground centers as well as sensor and weapon integration, tactical planning, geographical information systems, position specification, tracking, weapon target engagement and framework. The experience gained here was further applied to other naval projects such as the warfare management system (SYS), the New Type Patrol Boat (YTKB) and the New Type Submarine Project (YTDP). The TCCIS realized within the coverage of the Ground Segment was exported to the United Arab Emirates within the framework of the TIP-IMINT Project.

Within the framework of Naval Warfare Systems, HAVELSAN has provided the War Management System (SYS) and Naval War System Integration for GENESIS (Ship Integrated War Management System) and the G Class Frigate War Management System Modernization Program (G-GSMP); the SYS for Turkey’s first warship, the Patrol and Anti-Submarine Warfare Ship (MILGEM); relating to the needs and requirements of the Naval Forces Command, providing the War System Main Integrator mission for the 16 New Type Patrol Boats (YTKB) in reconnaissance, surveillance, patrol, submarine defense war and base, port defense mission functions in the straits, on bases, in port entry waters and near coastal regions.

HAVELSAN uses the following basic software technologies for the SYS software developed within the scope of the Naval War System Group: Various vehicles (needs management; design and code development vehicles) used in providing a suitable development process compatible with CMMI standards; enhanced data distribution services for distributed systems; technologies that provide for applications to run independently of platforms; nationally developed middleware that enables applications to be developed and managed within a particular systematic; distributed databases that provide more data and operate more rapidly compared to SQL databases; object databases and GIS technologies compatible to military standards (For example, S57/S63 map formats, additional military layer objects (AMO)).

When choosing technology, features such as real-time data access of sensors that are located on platforms working on SYS software and again, within specific time limitations, evaluating this data and, where necessary, engaging with available weapons against threats that are detected are borne in mind. Again in choosing technology, sufficiently mature and proven technology is another important reason for preference. For this reason, as well as the need for multiple processes capacity that is not possible with one processor, makes the use of distributed architecture unavoidable. The software is evaluated in terms of its stability against errors for system continuity and maximum combativeness and critical components are designed that can operate as back-up. Another important factor in technology selection is the efficient manner of conducting maintenance and for this reason the software must be rendered independent of changing hardware technology as much as possible. In the technologies used by HAVELSAN for SYS software developed for military platforms, the points indicated above are considered and where necessary are compared with different technology performance tests and evaluated, and technologies that will meet system requirements in the best manner are employed.

Command Control Information Systems Infrastructure Project (KKBSAY)

Different command and control systems at different levels are developed for defined functional areas within the structure of the Turkish Armed Forces. Aside from the existing capabilities of these systems, other functional area systems within an information sharing environment for more efficient use become unavoidable. This can only be possible through the use of systems with different technologies, in different areas for different requirements where joint understanding and common language is obtained. Based on this requirement, the Land Forces Command has reached the decision to participate in the MIP (Multilateral Interoperability Programme) working groups that is supported by NATO. HAVELSAN has also participated in MIP working groups since 2001 together with the Land Forces Command technical personnel.

In order to obtain international interoperability within the MIP structure, a joint data model, JC3IEDM (Joint Consultation, Command and Control Information Exchange Data Model) and to realize information exchange between systems, the DEM (Data Exchange Mechanism) defines the standards. With the defined JC3IEDM data model and DEM application, all member systems operating from a joint data model suitable to specified standards is targeted. With this approach, interoperability is provided for LCM and LISI Models at Level 4 and for the NMI Model at Level 4a. The solution provided by MIP, aside from international integration by the Land Force Command, has also been adopted and implemented in a manner that will be the basis of integrating national systems. Within this coverage, the Land Forces Information Exchange Data Model (KKBDVM) and the Data Exchange Mechanism (VDM) products were developed by HAVELSAN. The KKBDVM is a relational data model design that offers a joint taxonomy which encompasses all objects of systems that are required in the combat zone. The VDM, as an application that was developed according to MIP standards, is a derivative of KKBDVM that provides information sharing between data pools. Bearing in mind the necessary principle required to be known from force headquarters to battalion level, information sharing is realized by means of this application.

While the logical concepts provided by joint data models of systems and the building of newly developed systems on data structures is an ideal situation, bearing in mind the presently used systems, they may not always be the most suitable financial and technical solution. For this reason, generating service based solutions for integrating existing systems is considered as necessary. Keeping in mind the point arrived at in the existing capabilities of systems, the integration of the HER?KKS and ADOP-2000 systems developed by HAVELSAN over CORBA servers was successfully realized.

After considering this as a first step, work on creating Web services that will be include all possible information exchange requirements between systems continues.

The products indicated are utilized successfully in national and international tests and exercises and with the know-how obtained are being developed as usage focused that also includes changing requirements.

Simulation and Training Systems

In the area of simulation and training system technologies, HAVELSAN is the leader in Turkey and is among the top ten companies in the world as well as a brand name in this area. With over 15 years delivery and export experience and specialized staff, HAVELSAN has the infrastructure to install turnkey integrated facilities.

Within the Simulation and Training Systems Group, HAVELSAN develops combat aircraft simulators, cargo aircraft simulators, helicopter simulators and training simulators and simulations. These simulators are utilized in providing orientation and continuity in flight training; emergency analysis and increasing the application level of procedures; increasing weapon and sensor familiarity level; mission refresher training and similar activities.

Based on training needs and user expectations, with functional modeling at different levels, different visual resolution and screen systems and with mobility and vibration systems and wired networks, simulation can take place at different realism levels.

Aside from simulation type special hardware (Instructor consoles, mobility systems etc.) and software (Instructor console software, tactical environment software) for flight simulators, equipment (panels, multifunctional display (MFD)/cockpit display unit (CDU) and flight controls) and systems (sensor/radio and navigation systems, mission systems) are used/simulated on real aircraft and helicopters. The use of real flight hardware and software requires 1553, Arinc etc. communication interfaces to be provided by simulator software.

Simulation type special software is basically realized according to the requirement and user requests and the software models of systems on aircraft/helicopters are based on user manuals, stored data and user requests.

The simulator instructor console software consists of basic software units such as the tactical environment software, the visual system modeling, aerodynamic modeling, sound system and server and avionics system simulation.

Simulators located in the same simulator center with the use of HLA interface protocol take place jointly in the same training scenario. Simulators located in different simulator centers through HLA gates located in each simulator center are located in the same training scenario and can conduct joint training.

The Joint Strike Force Modeling and Simulation (MGKMOS) was realized within the HAVELSAN Simulation and Training Systems Group and is a structural simulation application that provides the opportunity to analyze the combat environment from different perspectives. Within this coverage, it is possible to analyze an operational plan that is executed in a particular zone from the perspectives of tactical use, chosen platforms, weapons, perception systems and munitions systems. In other words, the setup effectiveness of an operational plan that is executed in a combat environment, the systems deployed in applying the operational plan can be subject to different analysis in a range up to its effectiveness within the context of that operation.

With the project, the generic description of physical system models that take place in a representative environment has been obtained and in this way the values related to the real features of systems by way of entry into the system makes it possible to analyze the operational effectiveness of real systems daily. Experiencing different operational plans in a complex combat environment provides the opportunity for leader personnel training.

As a basis, MGKMOS is composed of a representative environment where external global conditions and physical algorithms are realized, where the operational plan and the military equipment to be used is described in the scenario description system and where the results of the running scenario is reported on conclusion of activity review modules.

In military operational modeling, within the framework of the semi-automated force concept, the agent/entity approach has be used. In entity based simulations, each modeled entity’s conduct and its interaction with other entities is animated not at a community but at an individual level. For example, the contribution of artillery to total firepower is not represented with a mathematical formula, each shell that the artillery fires are calculated individually in this effect on total firepower.

In agent based simulations, entities that have the capability in perception, decision making and commencement of operation are separated as actors. In actor intelligence modeling and its realization as software, the BDI (Belief, Desire, Intention) software model was used. Actors realize the tasks assigned to them in keeping with predefined plans and bearing in mind environmental conditions and the situation of other actors. The plan’s infrastructure developed within the coverage of the project is defined in a flexible manner and is possible to revise plans without a change in the main application. With this aspect, in line with the motivations and request of users, it is possible to undertake revisions in the MGKMOD mission autonomy level.

The system operates on distributed personal computers. For the purpose of data synchronization among these distributed processor nodes, the HLA (high level architecture) is used.

Management Information Systems

In order to solve the business problems of organizations and corporations, HAVELSAN integrates information systems that cover people, technology and processes with other information systems and, within the coverage of the development of the e-state management information systems, has developed the Land Registry and Cadastre Information System (TAKBIS); the National Judiciary Network Project (UYAP); the Computer Supported Central Elections Registry System (SEÇSIS); the Turkish State Railways Institutional Resource Management (TCDD-KKY) Information System and the Decision Support System of the Social Security Agency and has been deemed worthy of many awards from domestic organizations and the European Union.

In the application and development of resource management, business acumen, content management, reporting, data digitization and geographical information systems as large-scale corporate applications by undertaking the necessary system designs, developing client/server or in applications developed for multi-layered architecture and in creating this software architecture according to requirements, performance, security, high continuity, integration and software/system security must be kept in mind, and in developing J2EE or NET-based software suitable to the relevant architecture HAVELSAN continues with its work in these areas.

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