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MILITARY LAND VEHICLES DESIGN COMPETITION FNSS MIL.DESIGN 2011

Among the biggest land defence sy

Issue 29

In the competition evaluation criteria such as innovativeness, providing solutions to requirements, feasibility, esthetical contribution, level of development and detailing and suitability to general design levels were applied. Coming from different disciplines in the area of design, the members of the selection committee consisted of: Ekber Onuk, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of Yonca Onuk Shipyard; TÜB?TAK Vice President Prof. Dr. Ömer Anla?an; designer Osman Dalaman, the Director of the Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences of Çankaya University, Prof. Dr. Taner Altunok; Bahçe?ehir University’s Department of Industrial Products Design faculty member Associate Professor Dr. Mehmet Asatekin; Land Forces Command’s Department of Technical Projects Management, Project Officer Engineer Major Nejdet Polat; Chief Designer of Kaan Onuk Project Gökhan Muharrem Ak??; FNSS Marketing and Strategy Director Haluk Bulucu; FNSS Wheeled Vehicles Group Chief Koray Ulu and FNSS Weapon Stations Development Leader Oykun Eren. As a result of the evaluations the select committee awarded Bülent Özkurt first prize with his hybrid armored vehicle in the professional category; the Designnobis team second prize for their Mp-ATV armored personnel carrier project and third prize to Gökhan Keman for his Ilgaz- ms project with his solar, wind and inductive energy generation method. In the student category, Muzaffer Koçer came in first with his “KANGAL” light class armored combat vehicle; Serdar Soyal second with his 4x4 concept armored combat vehicle with disassembleable trailer feature project and Eren Özdemir third with the light armored wheeled military vehicle with the “alligator concept.”

The winners received their prizes from military and defence industry officials. All of the projects of the prize recipients will also be exhibited in all national and international projects to be participated by FNSS in 2011.

BÜLENT ÖZKURT

The vehicle was designed based on the idea of applying electric (hybrid) vehicle technologies to armored vehicles.

This trend toward hybrid vehicle technologies which are considered as revolutionary in the automotive sector and will completely change the vehicle’s structure is presently continuing in a rapid way. In the next 10-15 years this conversion in armored vehicles is unavoidable.

The biggest handicap of armored vehicles is the weight and related to this is the need for excessive power. Instead of providing this energy requirement with recharged batteries at stations, a hybrid solution seems more rational. In particular, non-dependence of a military vehicle on one energy source and providing its own energy source even if it’s partial is important.

Designed as a 6x6, the vehicle consists of a diesel generator with chargeable batteries, an in-wheel power with solar panels and drive-by-wire base. In this way a more simpler, easier to manufacture armored structure is obtained. Since the batteries are placed under the vehicle’s base, the weight distribution is ideal. In addition, with the recommended modular rubber composition, the in-wheel tire does not require to be replaced for tire changes.

MUZAFFER KOÇER
Graduate of the Department of Industrial Design of METU
Masters Student at Scuola Politecnica Di Design

The “Kangal” is a lightweight armored combat personnel vehicle concept. The vehicle consists of a driver and weapon station personnel at the front and 6 patrol response team members at the back of the vehicle. The vehicle’s driver and weapon operator enter the vehicle from the door on the left and the patrol response team personnel enter from the vehicle’s back door. While the drive covers ground, the weapon station operator situated behind has a view angle to easily operate the cupola weapon station (KSI 12.7 mm machine gun). The patrol response team at the back can open the upper panels on the vehicle to intervene in an incident. Aside from the vehicle’s armored front surface, the geometric shape of the windows have been designed to provide the minimum appearance of the driver and operator’s angle of view. In addition, the windows foresee the use of armored EN1063 (BR2-BR7) and Stanag 4569 (LVL II-III) standards.

The vehicle has also been designed to enter today’s military airplanes at 2.30 m in height. Furthermore, in the event of an emergency or where the vehicle is unable to move, the 2 pair (total of 4) hooks attached to the chassis located at the front and back of the vehicle is transportable with vehicles such as helicopters. Designed bearing in mind our country’s geography, the “Kangal,” aside from being a 4x4 with sufficient height, can continue its course as an “amphibious vehicle” with 2 water jets placed on the back of the vehicle. Furthermore, considering the weather conditions of our country and in particular the possibility of a state of emergency situation in certain regions, the pallet use of the vehicle is also included in the project.

Lastly, the project is named after the” Kangal” sheep dog that protects cattle from “wolves and jackals” and is considered as one of the symbols of our country.


DESIGNNOBIS
Hakan Gürsu, Ozan Karsl?o?lu, Melike ?ölen Ak?n, Hakan Bo?azp?nar, To?rul Ta??zade and Cem Y?lmaz
MP-ATV Armored Personnel Carrier Vehicle
As a high capacity armored personnel carrier vehicle, the MP-ATV unlike conventional personnel carrier vehicles with the placing of the engine and drive line in the middle of the vehicle provides an increase in carrying capacity and driver view angle. Aside from the personnel carrier concept with the collapsible drive protection in the front of the windshield designed for border and urbanized terrain patrolling, driver safety is increased immediately in the event of a conflict. During patrolling, excluding front view, periscope systems are present on each side to provide viewing. In order to increase the vehicle’s night vision, front and side collapsible projectors are placed on the vehicle. With these projectors, the surroundings are lighted during patrolling and in the case of a conflict, the projectors close to prevent damage. In addition, in the case of an attack to the vehicle, two automatic weapons are present that view the front and back of the vehicle. Should the vehicle be used outside of patrol duties heavier fire power weapons can be placed on the back of the weapon section
SERDAR SOYAL
MIMAR SINAN UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN STUDENT


The 4x4 armored combat vehicle concept has been designed based on a 30 year time frame of improvements that will provide maximum performance in terms of time and costs.

Separate from the current “ZMA” class vehicles in shape and use, the vehicle at the same time provides a wide export potential to the defence industry. This feature is provided by a trailer located at the back of the vehicle that is disassembleable and where a similar use is currently not available.

The trailer provides a low cost and rapid transformation possibility and has been designed with linkage to the product language and with different multi-purpose cabinets with the capability to load, transport and, where necessary to abandon, can adapt the vehicle to different segments. With potential developments, the rapid manufacturing of these cabinets will lower company expenditures to a minimum for the manufacturer, user and vehicle’s transport.

In the manufacturing of the vehicle, the use of ballistic aluminum has been considered as well as various insulation materials due to its amphibious features.

GÖKHAN KEMAN

In the ‘?lgaz-ms’ project the year 2030 was selected as the target date for a 30-year coverage period and according to future scenarios within this time period, ‘defence’ requirements’, ‘threat perceptions’ and ‘technology/resource opportunities’ have been described together.

The most important forecasts for 2030 that we face are:

The need to focus on alternative energy sources due to the gradual depletion of petroleum resources and the rising cost of fossil fuels.

An increase in natural disasters leading to important issues that will create social chaos which in turn will lead to new military threats and as a result a rise in military incidents in urban settings.

An increase in the use of nuclear and chemical weapons and as a consequence a loss in resources for long periods and other events involving prolonging human survival that will be at the forefront.

Further varying outlook in threat perceptions due to the variety in the use of weapons on the one hand, and the possibility of changing geographical conditions on the other hand.
EREN ÖZDEM?R
ISTANBUL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING STUDENT

The FNSS “timsah” (alligator) concept is a light -weight class armored wheeled military vehicle that has been designed to provide the highest performance in any environment. With high operational and maneuver capabilities in tropical terrain, deserts, rocky lands and narrow roads, it can easily pass rivers, lakes or marshlands. Compared to vehicles in its same class its most outstanding characteristic is its ability to use its amphibious feature without requiring an outfit change. In order to provide movement in these environments, the vehicle uses 2 inboard jet engines and compared to its competitors consumes less power and provides more thrust. With its monocoque body it has high ballistic protection and with a V shaped body it is also resistant against mines. The vehicle’s structure allows the use of different weapon systems and equipment. With all these features the FNSS timsah concept initially with the Turkish Armed Forces has the capacity to meet all of the requirements of many armies within its own class of vehicles


Adaptability to 21st Century Requirements








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